Polish Deal 2.0. Main changes.

On 1st July 2022 so-called Polish Deal 2.0 came into force. Majority of changes apply to income earned from the beginning of this year. The rest of the changes will come into effect on January 1, 2023.

The main changes are:

LIQUIDATION OF THE MEDIUM CLASS RELIEF

On July 1, 2022, the middle-class relief was abolished and is no longer used when calculating the advance on income tax. However, in order for this change (introduced during the tax year) not to result in the need to pay a higher tax for 2022 as a result of the abolition of this tax relief, the legislator introduced the so-called hypothetical tax. Taxpayers who settle according to the tax scale and who achieve revenues in the amount from PLN 68,412 to PLN 133,692 for 2022, whose due tax, calculated in accordance with the new regulations, will be higher than the hypothetical tax, i.e. calculated in accordance with the provisions of the original Polish Order, they will receive a refund of the difference in tax from the competent head of the tax office. This construction will apply only to the settlement of income for 2022.

TAX RATE LOWERING ON THE FIRST RATE OF THE TAX SCALE

Due to the elimination of tax relief for the middle class, the amendment introduced a reduction of the tax rate in the first threshold of the tax scale from 17% to 12%. This rate will be applied to the collection of advances from July 2022. However, it applies to income tax according to the tax scale achieved by the taxpayer throughout 2022, it will be settled in the annual tax return.

LOWERING THE AMOUNT REDUCING THE TAX

As a consequence of lowering the tax rate to 12%, the amount reducing the tax will be decreased from PLN 5,100 to PLN 3,600 annually. As a result, the monthly deduction of 1/12 of the amount reducing the tax applied by payers will be decreased accordingly, from PLN 425 per month to PLN 300.

REMOVAL OF THE OBLIGATION TO DOUBLE CALCULATION AND COMPARISON OF ADVANCE PAYMENTS

The mechanism of double calculating advances in accordance with two different legal states and then comparing and selecting an advance more favorable for the taxpayer by the remitter was eliminated. Originally introduced by the controversial ordinance of January 8, 2022, and then transferred to the act, the institution of extending the deadlines for collection and transferring advances for income tax from July 1, 2022 will no longer apply.

POSSIBILITY OF DEDUCTION OF PART OF THE HEALTH CONTRIBUTIONS BY ENTREPRENEURS ON FLAT RATE, LUMP SUM, AND TAX CARD

Entrepreneurs settling on the basis of a flat-rate tax, lump sum, and a tax card will be able, to a limited extent, to deduct a part of the health insurance contributions or include these contributions as tax-deductible costs.

  • flat rate taxpayers – the tax base will be reduced by the amount of health insurance contributions paid, but up to PLN 8,700 per year.
  • lump-sum taxpayers – will be able to reduce the taxable income by 50% of the amount of paid health insurance contributions.
  • taxpayers paying in the form of a tax card – 19 percent premium paid (tax reduction).

RESTORATION OF THE JOINT SETTLEMENT WITH AN ALONE RAISED CHILD

The possibility of settling tax with a single-raised child was restored on the terms applicable until the end of 2021 for single-raised children, and thus the PLN 1,500 tax relief will be abolished. The joint tax settlement will apply to all taxable income earned by the taxpayer from January 1, 2022.

APPLICATION OF TAX RELIEF TO MATERNITY BENEFITS

Relief for people under 26, relief for working retirees, relief for 4+ families, and relief for persons transferring their place of residence to Poland will also apply to maternity benefits. This change will apply to income earned throughout the tax year.

NEW RULES FOR SUBMITTING APPLICATIONS AND DECLARATIONS

From January 1, 2023, the taxpayer will also be able to submit applications and declarations that affect the amount of tax advances (e.g. an application for non-collection of advances or a non-application of tax-deductible costs) in the form accepted by the employer. So far, such applications should be submitted only in writing or on a predefined form. The taxpayer will also be able to submit a declaration on the application of an amount reducing the tax to a maximum of 3 payers when collecting advances. This declaration may also be submitted by taxpayers who are not employees, e.g. contractors. Entrepreneurs who settle accounts on the basis of the tax scale will have the right to submit a PIT-2 declaration. Moreover, submitting the declaration will not require the use of the PIT-2 form.

SUBMISSION OF AN APPLICATION FOR NO ADVANCE PAYMENT FOR INCOME TAX

Taxpayers who predict that their taxable income on the basis of the tax scale will not exceed PLN 30,000 in a tax year will be able to submit an application to the remitter not to collect income tax advances. Such a possibility is to apply to both employees and persons performing work on the basis of, inter alia, mandate contracts, management contracts or resolutions. These regulations will apply from January 1, 2023.

APPLICATION FOR NON-APPLICATION OF TAX-DEDUCTIBLE COSTS

From the beginning of 2023, the taxpayer will also have the right to submit an application to the remitter to calculate tax advances without applying tax-deductible costs. This option will apply to both standard costs (PLN 250-300 / month) and 50% of the costs of using or disposing of copyrights.

COVERING THE REMUNERATION OF COMMERCIAL PROXYS WITH COMPULSORY HEALTH INSURANCE

Due to the emerging interpretational doubts, the legislator decided to indicate directly in the act the norm imposing the obligation on the commercial proxy to obtain health insurance. The amendment also excludes from this obligation persons receiving remuneration up to the amount of PLN 6,000 per year, which is qualified as income received by persons performing activities related to the performance of social or civic duties, and income of persons to whom a state or local government authority or administration, court or the prosecutor, on the basis of relevant provisions, ordered the performance of certain activities.

 

In addition to the above changes, the amendment also introduces:

  • higher donations to a public benefit organization (OPP) (from 1% to 1.5%);
  • the possibility of changing the form of taxation to a tax scale in 2022 after the end of the tax year for taxpayers who chose a flat tax or a lump-sum tax as a form of taxation;
  • change of the form of taxation during the year from lump sum to tax scale;
  • increasing the deduction in the annual tax return for membership fees paid to trade unions from PLN 300 to PLN 500;
  • an increase in the income limit that can be obtained by a child of a taxpayer who benefits from the exemption for large families and with joint settlement (from PLN 3,089 to PLN 16,061 per year).

Monika Pawłowska-Bielas   |   07.20.2022

Autor :

Monika Pawłowska-Bielas

Monika Pawłowska-Bielas

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